Tennis EquipmentTennis Strings

Types of Tennis Strings – An In Depth Guide To Tennis Racquet Strings

Types of string, how they are made and the advantages + disadvantages of each

The string you use in your tennis racquet and its tension can change its playability significantly. So it goes without saying they're an extremely important part of your equipment to pay attention to.

In fact, just as much effort should go into the string you use as it does in choosing a tennis racquet. Why spend upwards of £100 or $150 on a new frame only to skimp on strings?

Spin, power, comfort, control and durability are all impacted by the type of string you use. However, strings are often overlooked with players stringing their frames with whatever the local stringer has cheap reels of or simply opting for a pre stung frame.

So what do you need to know about strings? What types of tennis string are there? What are tennis strings made of? Which strings should you choose? Let's take a look.


What are the Different Types of Tennis String?

types of strings

You can divide tennis strings into two main categories:

Natural Gut

Gut Mains

The oldest type of tennis string on the planet is natural gut and it's the string of choice for a lot of professional players including Roger Federer himself.

The Swiss Maestro strings with a hybrid setup of natural gut in his mains and luxilon in the crosses, which, much like his style of play, is a blend of old and new.

Natural gut strings are made of cows intestines and date back to 1875 when Pierre Babolat first used a sheep's intestine to produce them. Since then gut has become the benchmark for all other strings on the market for a number of reasons:

  • Natural gut is the most power string available
  • Gut holds tension the best compared to all other strings
  • It remains soft at high tensions
  • The arm friendliness of natural gut is superior to all synthetic strings.

I've personally used natural gut in a number of frames over the years and have to say if you've never used it, you really should give it a go.

I like it for all the reasons above and because you can string gut fairly tight to get more control but you don't lose power as you do with polyester strings. You also don't feel any increase in jarring impact shock which can flare up tennis elbow.

So are there any negatives? Why are synthetic strings even used if the natural gut is so good?

The downsides are that natural gut is expensive and it doesn't perform well in certain types of weather.

The reason it's expensive is due to the high cost of manufacturing; this is an organic matter so to be turned into tennis string it's a labour-intensive process with multiple steps.

Another negative is that natural gut doesn't like wet or humid conditions. It can fray quickly once damp and degrades quickly. If you live in a wet or humid part of the world and play with natural gut, make sure you have a spare racquet with a synthetic string in case the weather gets bad. 

Natural gut can also be fragile on off-centre hits. So if you're a known string breaker, then it might not be the type of string for you. It's also quite difficult to string due to its delicacy, 

The final negative is that gut can fall victim to variable quality control. This depends upon the brand, batch, age, how it's stored, and grade.

So what type of player is natural gut good for? Basically every type of player; no matter what your game. Very few people play it due to the cost and if you're an aggressive baseliner with heavy topspin, then it won't last you very long meaning the price/performance ratio isn't a good deal.

For players who hit flat shots as they'll find that high-quality gut is more durable than many other types of strings due to its tension retention. A dense string pattern will also improve the longevity of natural gut as there's less movement/friction in the string bed.

Top Tip: If you're using natural gut and want to increase it's longevity try using string savers. They're rarely seen on the tour nowadays but Roger Federer still uses them. More through habit than a necessity but they do work!

My Favourite Natural Gut String: Babolat VS Touch Natural Gut

Synthetic Tennis Strings

Synthetic Gut

Synthetic strings can be broken down into the following subtypes of string:

  • Tournament Nylon
  • Synthetic Gut
  • Multifilament
  • Polyester
  • Kevlar

Tournament Nylon

This is what most cheaper pre-strung racquets will come with. It's the cheapest string you can buy and is only really suited for complete beginners who play a handful of times a year and have no interest in strings or their tensions.

My Favourite Tournament Nylon String: None

Synthetic Gut

synthetic gut

The most commonly used type of string is synthetic gut which is made of nylon but not to be confused with tournament nylon.

As a ballpark estimate, I'd say 75% of all club players are using a synthetic gut string in their racquets as it's well priced and one club stringers will often bulk buy.

Nylon lends itself well to tennis as it has a number of dynamic properties and can be tweaked to produce different playing characteristics by the material it's wrapped in, and the angle it's wrapped at.

Generally speaking nylon strings with more than one wrap are higher quality than single wrap nylon strings. The number of wraps reduces the tension loss usually experienced with nylon strings.

If you are a player with a habit of breaking strings you won't find synthetic gut hugely durable and you might find it gets soft quickly too. But it's a solid string and for the typical weekend hacker, it's an ideal choice.

If you are new to tennis, then I recommend getting your racquet strung with Prince Synthetic gut and using that as the baseline to determine what you like and don't like, what you want more or less of. You can then try a natural gut or a multifilament to compare. You might find that synthetic gut works best for you.

My Favourite Synthetic Gut String: Prince Synthetic Gut



Multifilaments were developed to try and bring synthetic strings closer to the playability of natural gut. They're manufactured by twisting together lots of microfibers and then wrapped in a resistant cover. They're usually made of nylon but some manufacturers choose to incorporate other materials such as polyurethane, Zyex, Vectran or Kevlar.

The advantages of multifilament strings, when compared to single filament synthetic gut, are that they hold tension better, have a higher elasticity, and are more powerful. They're also softer which makes them easier on the arm, so they're usually a good choice to use for senior players.

The disadvantage is that multifilaments are more expensive and they're not that durable. Once the outer wrapping is damaged, the string will start to fray and weaken.

My Favourite Multifilament String: Tecnifibre X-One Biphase


polyester string

Polyester strings are the string type that most pros are using on the ATP and WTA tour. Rafael Nadal for example strings with a full bed of polyester but they're probably not the type of string that regular club players should be stringing with.

Unlike multifilaments, a polyester string is a simple structure of single polyester fibre with a thin layer of coating. This is classed as a “monofilament” string and they come in different gauges (1.10-1.35mm) which varies the elasticity and durability.

Generally speaking, polyester strings have low elasticity and feel stiffer when compared to synthetic gut and multifilament strings. As a result, they're significantly more durable and can be produced at much thinner gauges; so if you have the racquet head speed a poly string can help you produce wicked levels of topspin.

They do however tend to lose their tension quite quickly so your level of control decreases and the string will feel dead. Poly is not well suited for anyone with arm issues or injuries either. If your arm starts hurting with a poly, try a softer string.

Top Tip: When a polyester string is dead, it is arguably the worst string ever to play with. You should be able to feel this when you hit the ball, but for a visual check, if you see that your stringbed needs straightening often, the strings are dead. Fresh polys snap back into position easily.

With that in mind, polyester strings are only really well suited to players who string their racquets at a high frequency. For these players, polyester strings provide a great price/performance ratio.

In more recent times, polyester strings have had further development with the arrival of copolyester (co-poly) strings. This co-poly combination reduced the major weaknesses of polyester string: tension loss and lack of elasticity.

Luxilon is the main brand in the co-poly category and they have mixed a number of other materials like PEEK, carbon or metallic fibres to modify the playing characteristics. Almost every manufacturer carries co-poly strings in their product lineup today.

My Favourite Polyester String: Luxilon Big Banger Alu Power


kevlar strings

Kevlar is the stiffest and most durable string available so for a string breaker who doesn't want to fork out $$$ for restrings every week, it's a viable option.

Kevlar has excellent tension holding properties but it's one of the harshest strings on the body and will likely cause tennis elbow.

For that reason, Kevlar is often strung in a hybrid setup with another string type to combine both strings' qualities. I never use it and can only recommend it if you have no arm troubles, and other types of string are not lasting you long enough.

Example of a Kevlar String: Ashaway Crossfire 17 Kevlar String

Other Types of String

  • Vectran – rarely used, sometimes incorporated with Nylon strings. Ashway is the only brand I know of who uses it.
  • Zyex – used by ProKennex and Ashaway. One of the artificial strings that play most like natural gut. Poor durability
  • Polyolefin – one of the softest synthetic string materials so very arm friendly.

String Gauge

As well as the composition of string, most strings are available in different gauges from the manufacturers. The gauge is the thickness of the string.

A string with a high gauge number is a thinner string and vice versa. Thinner strings generally offer higher performance (more spin) but are not as durable thicker strings.

If you're shopping for strings online then you will see each string has a number with it, this is usually between 15 and 20 with the most common being 16, 17 and 18.

The vast majority of players use 16 or 17 gauge. You will also see the letter L used such as 16L. The L Signifies light which is basically half a gauge. So 15L is thinner than 15 but thicker than 16.

Gauge Diameter approx.
15 1.43 mm
15L 1.38 mm
16 1.32 mm
16L 1.28 mm
17 1.25 mm
17L 1.20 mm
18 1.10 mm

The thinner the string, the more bite you can get on the ball to generate more topspin. Depending on your technique, this will allow you to swing harder and keep the ball in play, Or it may result in you hitting with too much topspin and not having enough depth or penetration on the ball.

For choosing a string gauge, I recommend choosing the thinnest string that gives you adequate durability based on how often you are willing to restring.

If you are not breaking 15, try 16 and so on. If you feel like your groundstrokes have lost depth due to a thinner gauge string, then try reducing tension before going to a thicker string.

String Gauge Elasticity Durability Spin Feel Comfort
thinner more less more more more
thicker less more less less less

How Often Should You Restring a Tennis Racquet?

how often restring

The more you play, the more quickly your strings will lose their tension or break. If you’re competing at a high level or money is no object, then you can go for the highest quality strings and restring as often as you see fit.

However, most recreational players with less disposable income should go for a durable set of strings that play well for a long period and still providing good levels of feel and playability without breaking the bank.

If you are using synthetic gut, natural gut, or a multifilament. The general rule of thumb is to restring as many times per year as you play per week. So if you play three times a week, you should restring three times per year. Another rule you may have heard is for every 30 hours play you should restring. Neither of them are golden rules and I personally tend to restring based on what string I am using and when I feel like it needs it.

If you use polyester then as soon as the strings stop snapping back into place, and need to be straightened between points, you should restring.

What Tension Should You Restring Your Racquet At?


To get the best performance out of your racquet then the tension you string at can make a big difference. The tighter you string, the less power you have and the more control you have.

The looser you string you gain more power but also lose control. The key here is to experiment so should try different tensions; if you play better with looser strings – great! If you spray it all over you can try a higher tension the next time.

String Tension Power Control Durability Feel Comfort
looser more less more more more
tighter less more less less less

In terms of a starting point, if you look at your racquet you'll see a recommended tension range printed on the side. That is there for a reason, and I recommend starting in the middle of the range. For example, if your racquet says 50 – 60 lbs. String at 55 lbs to start with. Or just slightly higher at 56 or 57lbs seen as though tension is lost quickly.

Feel free to go higher or lower than the recommended range if that is what you feel you need. If you are using a Polyester, then string looser than you would with a synthetic gut for example, but as you will have gathered from the rest of this post, string choice is a process of experimentation.

When choosing tension, you are generally going after two things – depth and control. If you're moving forward and volleying, feel also comes into play.

You need to find a tension that allows your bread and butter groundstrokes to land deep in the court. It should not take huge effort to hit deep, you should be able to swing smoothly to achieve good depth. String tighter if you're hitting long, string looser if you are hitting short.

Feel, is hard to define and relies on a lot of anecdotal evidence. Some players prefer the way a firm stringbed feels, some people like the way a soft stringbed feels. Again, test out tensions and see which you prefer.

Other Factors That Influence String Tension

There are a number of other factors which influence tension:

  • Racket Head Size – Larger racquets need to be strung at a higher tension than smaller heads to produce the same string bed stiffness
  • Racket String Pattern – Fewer strings generate a lower string bed stiffness
  • Stringing machine type – Different types of machine will produce a different string bed stiffness – continuous pull machines will produce a firmer string bed than a manual crank machine
  • Selected tension – The tension you set on your stringing machine. Is it accurately calibrated and pulling at the tension it says?
  • The stringer – Different methods and skill levels will affect the string bed stiffness

Hybrid Tennis Stringing

Hybrid Stringing

A hybrid is when two different strings are combined into one bed of string. A lot of pros use this set up right now right by mixing a strong, endurance string like polyester or Luxilon in the main strings and natural gut or a soft multifilament in the crosses.

Some players like Federer reverse the pattern with soft strings in the mains, and tough strings in the crosses producing a softer feeling.  You have less durability with that combination but when you get a freshly strung racquet one game before each ball change that's not a factor.

Hybrids aren't exclusively for the pros either, they can lower the cost of an expensive string. If you love natural gut, but the price tag and the need for frequent restringing makes it hard to justify. Using cheaper, tougher nylon in the crosses will increase durability and lower the overall cost.

That's why you will see many string manufacturers prepackage hybrids with a length of natural gut and a length of nylon. 

Tennis String Recommendations

tennis string recommendations

It's impossible to just make a list of the best tennis strings as what works for one player, won't for another. So if you'd like me to recommend a string, answer the following questions when you leave a comment below and I'll be able to give you some:

  • How often do you break strings?
  • How much do you want to spend on strings?
  • What level do you play?
  • What type of strokes do you have? (flat, heavy spin, slices)
  • What type of game do you play? (all-court, serve-volley, baseliner, etc..)
  • How often do you play?

Final Thoughts

The final thing to remember is that choosing a type of tennis string is about experimentation, use this guide as a starting point and try different strings out.


Huge fan of Roger Federer. I watch all his matches from Grand Slam level right down to ATP 250. When I'm not watching or writing about tennis I play regularly myself and have a keen interest in tactics, equipment and technicalties of the sport.

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      1. perso en ce moment j’utilise le cordage L-TEC avec le paradox et le 4ST en hybrid, en full paradox c’est top et en hybrid 4ST/paradox c’est pas mal non plus, à essayer trés vite, cordage trés souple à corder en 4 noeuds obligatoirement et à basse tension, c’est un mono trés confortable pour les bras, à utiliser sans antivibrateur

  1. Nice article, Jon 🙂
    From my experience, since I first used hybrid setup, I could not another type of setup.
    I have started with some Kirschbaum strings, which was a combination of polyester and multifilament and it was first of all more comfortable than mono-setup.

    Then, after some testing I landed at reverse setup (like Federer ;)) and now I’m using Babolat VS+RPM Blast (like Thiem, but Thiem uses natural gut for crosses.

    I’m playing far longer with one set (playing now only 2 hours once ort twice a week), so I need to change the set before it breaks, because strings start to be too stiff.

      1. Yeah, I have tried Luxillon and I missed the comfort. Maybe self-suggestion 😉

  2. This is the best article I’ve read in a long time, excellent. ¿Can you explain me why Federer changes his racket one game before the new balls are played?

    1) ¿How often do you break strings? Depends on how much I play due to work/study. But normally I change it before it breaks, so very few times per year.
    2) ¿How much do you want to spend on strings? Not much.
    3) ¿What level do you play? Club level.
    4) ¿What type of strokes do you have? (flat, heavy spin, slices) Flat, slices.
    5) ¿What type of game do you play? (all-court, serve-volley, baseliner, etc..) All court, agressive play like Roger 😉
    6) ¿How often do you play? Luckily, one time per week.

    1. Sorry, you asked Jonathan and he will for sure reply. Maybe some addition to your question.
      I think, Roger does not change the racket before new balls coming, but when he needs to break and what really matters is not new strings, but some little distraction – the opponent is ready to serve and must wait until Fed comes (never running) with the new racket 😉

      If it’s really before new balls come, could have to do with the tension getting lower while you play. Then why not directly before new balls come? Maybe because you need to get the feeling of new strings before new (harder) balls come.

      I’m curious, what Jonathan tells 🙂

      1. Federer always gets a new frame from his bag the game before new balls are due. I thought this was common knowledge, you see it every match at games 6 and 8.

        As for why it’s the game before, it’s like you say, he doesn’t want to serve with a fresh string job and wants to feel the balls on the strings with a return game. If it’s a bad string job, then he can switch back.

    2. @Alex – see comment below for Fed’s choice of getting a new racquet before new balls are due.

      As for string – do you know what you are using now?

      Prince Synthetic Gut would be a good starting point tbh, playing once a week. It offers a good price/performance. That would be the cheapest option.

      Maybe a hybrid too as they can stay playable for a decent period. NXT 1.30/ Luxilon Alu Power
      or Technifibre X One Biphase 1.30 / Luxilon Alu Power for example.

      1. I really don’t know, never knew anything about strings rather than price (can you believe it). I leave my racket to a guy I know from the club, and normally choose one of his cheapest strings,
        So I figured it’s synthetic gut.

      2. Ye it prob will be a synthetic gut, most of them use that as their standard string.

        Before I strung myself, I used to buy different types and give them to the stringer to use on my frame.

  3. To use or not to use dampers on strings. Some say it’s only to produce different sound when hitting the ball. I’m not sure, but after years I can hardly imagine to not use a damper. Thiem never uses dampers. What about Federer? Not sure but cannot remind him replacing dampers when changing rackets during the game.

    1. It will absorb higher frequency vibrations. The impact is more silent and mechanically more muffled if the starting point is a combination of a hard frame with stiff strings. Only in these cases it will feel slight more comfortable but the horrid vibrations of lower frequency after a mis-hit will still be there in all its destroying splendor.

    2. I use one, they do take away some of the vibration for sure. You can feel it when you don’t have one in.

      Federer uses power pads. They used to be for saving natural gut in wooden frames, but they have a dampening effect too. I will do a post on these as I’ve used them. Got a set in now actually.

  4. Nice article!
    -Multifilament nylon can give too much trampoline effect, so please never string it below 25 kgf. I made the “mistake” of trying X One Biphase on a Pure Drive and had to play like handling eggs in orders not to sent the balls to the next district.
    -As for monofilament nylon with wraps (“synthetic gut” is a misnomer), it frays less and is crisper than multifilament. It does not give the same hit feedback but the pop sound is great.
    -I find polyester to be very intolerant to bad hits and some models have a very unpleasant plastic feel. I absolutely hated Volkl Cyclone. Dunlop Black Widow is better and much softer…until it starts notching and becomes dead. Luxilon Adrenaline lasts longer and is very very comfortable, unlike Alu power (ouch!) I also liked the first Tecnifibre Black Code a lot but the current Black Code 4S doesn’t feel nearly as responsive. 24 kgf is the absolute maximum tension for me with polyester.
    I like polyester because I can hit more freely without the trampoline. The control is better but if I have to get a difficult ball on defense it will die at the net often. And polyester makes an ugly ”twack”” at the hit…

    1. Cheers.

      You have tried a lot of strings. Are you stringing yourself?

      If you swing hard enough and can restring often, then polyester is a great string. I use RPM Blast full bed a bit, bit harsh on the arm but can produce a ton of spin on a fresh string job.

      1. No, I don’t string. On my club a complete string job is 12 € for almost all strings and 16 € for some more expensive ones (X-One, Alu Power). This is an invitation to trial and error!
        I don’t have the technique to put a lot of spin (I’m only on my 4th year as a trainee), so nylon would be theoretically more suitable and forgiving… The problem is that I don’t like too much elasticity, so I prefer a soft polyester, which is a drag because the softer, the faster it dies. On an older Head Graphene Speed S, which is not a stiff frame by any means, I still have a full bed of worn Black Widow and it’s like hitting the ball with a plastic chair. Making it go over the net is an accomplishment in itself.

  5. What about double stringing on Blackburn frames? I have tried it once, but i was only good for almost flat slicing.
    I have a friend, who never really learned tennis, he plays everything slice, even serving a kind of slice.
    Sweet spot is almost the whole racket head and these slices are fast and bouncing very low. And it’s good for dropshots (kind of slice too). But playing topspin with means, you lose the wrist in half a year 🙁

    Strings often break close to the frame if you never try to hit the center of the bed and why should you, if you can even hit with the frame, because it has still some strings on it 😉

    1. Ah I’d never heard of that racquet before. The Blackburne double strung. I can’t imagine what that is like to play with. What’s the idea behind it?

      I can’t imagine what it’s like to string either, must be tricky.

      1. The idea is to make the whole head a sweet spot. Especially good for slice and easy backwards rotation. You can let the ball to slide to the end of the racket’s head like it had no frame. Both on backhand and forehand. In fact there is no frame. Frame is covered on both sides by two string beds. And the air cushion between two string beds works like a trampoline. You would not like this effect (me too), but it ads power, you don’t need are would not be able to generate with your hands.

        Extreme tolerance (big sweet spot), so it lets people missing completely the genuine tennis skills, to bring the ball to the other side, play dropshots quite easily.
        Actually nothing for people wanting to play some real tennis.
        Hitting topspin you would get quickly tennis elbow.

  6. Great article Jonathan. I want some more ( !  ) – about string savers ( photos of them on strings of our FedEx ), etc. ! 
    What would be your recommendation for a club player ( Wilson 97 L CV pro staff, rather flat or chop strokes, baseliner with chronic wrist pain   ) concerning stringing ( strings, tension, etc. ). According to your opinion, is it better to use natural gut for mains or crosses by hybrid stringing ?

    1. Thanks. I will probably do a post on them at some point.

      Well if you have wrist pain then softer strings will be best. Gut or a multifilament. Another soft string I quite like is Ashaway Monogut for example. Play around with those and different tensions to see if they help.

      Also that Wilson 97 L CV Prostaff is quite a light racquet from what I read? What does it weigh strung? Lighter frames are a bit harder on the body too.

      Hybrids – I will do a post on this too. I don’t think one way is better than the other tbh, if you put natural gut in the mains you will get more feel, perhaps some more power. But you get less durability. For a club player, I think gut in the crosses makes more sense as they will last longer.

      1. Because of the long time wrist pain ( looking back the starter was the switch to W97 pro staff 315g + stiff LXN ALU PWR 1.25 despite very good feel by play, my wrists and elbows didn´t like it after several months 🙁 🙂 ) I had to switch to a lighter/compromise version of the W97 pro staff L CV ( unstrung weight 290g, strung about 306g ). Now there is the goal for me to find the right stringing to minimize the wrist stress. With heavier racquet the hand/wrist goes by hitting the ball more down that stresses the joints and tendons leading to inflammation, etc.. As a part of my rehab I try to play with the funny Stage3 balls for kids :-), that are lighter a very soft, so the pain especially by playing forehand is tolerable :-).

    1. I don’t think there is a ‘best’. I’ve used Wilson and Babolat’s Touch VS. Some of the cheaper stuff isn’t as good, but I don’t have an out and out favourite.

      I’ve never used Natural Gut Wholesale stuff, but it looks good. Obviously, I can’t recommend it as I’ve never tried it but they have good feedback on eBay. I might order some myself depending on the shipping/import fees scenario.

  7. Amazing post Jon!!!! Here are my answers so you can tell me your opinion on my stringing options. Currently I use a hybrid setup with Solinco on the Mains and Yonex on the Crosses (forgot which type)

    How often do you break strings? every three weeks at least, sometimes they last less than that
    How much do you want to spend on strings? I am not really on a budget since stringing here in Guatemala is cheaper than most places, but I am not looking to overspend my money since I dont make any money out of it 🙂
    What level do you play? I would say intermediate level with more power than most recreational players
    What type of strokes do you have? (flat, heavy spin, slices) heavy spin
    What type of game do you play? (all-court, serve-volley, baseliner, etc..) aggressive baseliner, but i like to come to the net once in a while
    How often do you play? 4 times per week or 6-8 hours per week

  8. Hi Jonathan, thank you for such a detailed article!
    I’ve been playing with polyester strings (Luxilon Alu Power, Luxilon Alu Power Rough, Volkl Cyclone) strung between 50-55lbs in the Babolat Pure Aero line of racquets for the past 10 years but notice that I rarely break the strings (often play 30+ hours without breaking the strings).
    Recently I’ve switched to a Head Graphene Touch Prestige Midplus racquet and wondering if I should stop using polyester strings since I rarely break them.
    Cost is not a big issue since I don’t re-string very often.
    I used to be a 4.5 level player but currently only play recreational doubles.
    I use a semi-western forehand, two-handed backhand and mostly hit with heavy spin.
    I’m a baseliner in singles but only playing doubles now.
    I play 4-6 hours per week.
    What string/tension would you recommend for my Head Graphene Touch Prestige Midplus racquet?

    1. Hi,


      How often are you restringing the poly? Is it full bed of poly? For me, they go dead after 10 hours of play…

      I have not used that racquet before but if the cost isn’t an issue, I’d just experiment a bit. Why not try natural gut or a multifilament? I like the Ashaway Monogut for example. Or Babolat for the natural gut. You’ll be hitting a lot more volleys up at net so those strings will give you more feel. If you miss the poly, you could always test them in a hybrid…

      Tension – I would go with what you usually roll with.

      1. Hi Jonathan, thanks for your reply.
        I usually play in a full bed of poly but it always goes dead before I break the string so I think your recommendation of natural gut or a multifilament might be a good idea. Head Graphene Touch Prestige Midplus is a relatively low-powered racquet so it will be interesting to see if it benefits from the extra power of natural gut or multifilament.
        Thanks again for your recommendations.

  9. Hello Jonathan!
    I am a 16 year old tennis player that has played tennis for over six months at my school and in the community. Surprisingly I have achieved a Regional Championship and had a 10-1 overall record during my first year! The reason I am writing is to have a professional opinion and or recommendation from you about what string and racquet I should use. I have done lots of research and narrowed down my results tremendously, to the point of which you can decide or acknowledge at what standpoint I am at. Here are some basics of where I am at: I swing Fast/Long and would like a racquet which optimizes upon power(most important) and control/feel. I am comfortable with all the strokes, but mostly hit flat strokes. I would say I play often, haven’t broken a string, and money isn’t much of an issue. I am a advanced/high intermediate player that is an all-courter and sometimes baseline. I am very coordinated and learn easily to the point of which l have learned all the basic stokes and advanced tricks. Seeing a lot of sites based on NTRP rankings on I have reached this year the semi-finals in my state with my doubles partner (He needed much help of which I had taught him the basics to at least know something about the game) and I have proved that I can easily play in singles since it works out better for me than doubles. Thus the chart of UTSA has shown that I have a rating of 4.0 NTRP, which apparently isn’t bad for my first year. Yes I am a noob when it comes to tennis, but have done excellent research which proves to tell me I have reached the “advanced” level since I can do all the strokes consistently but need a racquet which can put the little push I need in the game. Enough about my background in tennis, here is the selection of racquets I have found and I need one of them to be selected. You can also recommend a different racquet on this list if you want, since you are the expert. Here is the list: Head Graphene 360 Speed MP, Head Graphene 360+ Gravity MP, Head Prestige S, and the Babolat Pure Strike 2019. I am leaning towards the Speed MP the most since it focuses on power a lot, but also includes a bit of control and feel. I decided to use string from Tecnifibre X-One Biphase 16 or 17 for more power and keep the tension a bit low. Should I use a hybrid and do a elastic string across and a durable string vertically? Of course you are the expert and I will let you decide which is the best. I know this is just a recommendation, but I will take it very seriously since my coach does tennis for a hobby at my school and doesn’t know very much. I took my NTRP rating very carefully and what level of skill I am cautiously. Thanks again for your time and sorry for the long paragraph.


    1. Hi,

      Apologies for the slow reply here. I have been away for a couple of weeks and less active on the comments.

      Congrats on the quick progress.

      Since you are in the US – I think you should demo some of the racquets you are considering. Tennis Warehouse is a good option.

      It’s really hard to say buy a specific frame as everybody’s game is different. I do like the 360 Speed MP and the Pure Strike 2019. Thiem uses the Babolat and from how you describe your game it’s similar to his with long strokes so maybe it works for you too. Yonex are worth looking at too as I like the quality of their products…

      String – test them out too. The Biphase is a good string. What are you using at the moment? I would say start with a synthetic gut and see what you like/don’t like then go from there…

    2. Hi Pete.,
      First think about this. We are all here NOT EXPERTS (sorry, Jonathan), but rather less or more advanced hobby players. Given your age, I don’t think you are going to start a professional career, right? But you want to have a racket, making the most of your specific features. Almost everything can be learned. Maybe the only thing you cannot change your inborn muscles structure (red or white muscle fibers prevailing decide if you will be fast or need rather to go for power).

      Compare Nadal and Thiem. Rafa is built for power and extreme spin. Thiem is very fast and generates power and spin with his very clean and perfect hitting technique. Rafa does the same with muscles. You may imagine lots of things about your technique, but only a professional coach can tell you, what kind of player you are going to be (depending of course on the quantity and quality of your training).

      My advice would be (given your coach cannot help you much) – visit a good tennis shop, take lots of rackets in the hand and make some hitting motions without the ball. You will eliminate most of the rackets at this stage (maybe you are just done with this, so you have filtered many rackets by how they feel in the hand, when you perform natural hitting movement (without the ball – you will need the ball to choose your strings).

      There are so many combinations of frames and strings. If you develop your game quickly, you will maybe need to change the racket frequently until you find the best one.

      The real experts are experienced professional coaches cooperating with manufacturers of frames of frames and strings.

      At your stage you need first of all a racket you like, you feel comfortable with, you feel, you can deliver the best of what is your natural ability. Nobody tells you, which racket is the best for you. After 6 months of hitting you are not experienced enough to choose the optimal racket yourself and probably nobody knows your game that deep, he/she could tell you this.

      I would recommend too, not to try out too many frame/string combinations. You will be lost and next day after having tested some rackets, you will hardly recall, which one felt to be the best one.

      Right now, go for feeling rather then technical specs.

      My experience is, sometimes you fill after first few shots, it’s not what you like. If the first choice racket feels well and you are happy, playing this one. take you time, before you try another one.

      Have this metaphor in mind. They say, not people are choosing their dogs but dogs choose their human friends. Let you be chosen by the racket, not the opposite. Some bonus of this solution – if after some time you are not happy with the racket (probably you made a progress or changed your style for any reason, you don’t have a guilty feeling – it’s the racket, which is guilty for having chosen you 😉

      And – you can probably play the game you like with lots of frame/strings/tension a.s.o. combinations. But you will never know, which racket would maybe fit better to you. Rackets are changing every year. You will be changing too 🙂

      Good luck

  10. @Jon could you help me?
    Playing with a Wilson BLX Fierce
    1) I have never broken a string
    2) Not much, at most 30-40
    3) NTRP 5.0-5.5
    4) All three, not so much flat
    5) All courter
    6) All the time.
    Thanks man!

      1. Really just crappy pre-strung stuff – probably tournament nylon. I would like some more power. I play with a lot of lefty spin, so something that emphasizes that. I also want something that works both at the baseline and at the net.
        Right now one of the guys on my tennis team suggested I use a hybrid with synthetic and poly, and my coach suggested that for the poly, I use Luxilon 4G.
        What would you suggest?
        Thanks man.

      2. They will increase durability if you put gut in the mains. But you lose a little bit of feel depending on how many you put in. Personal choice.

  11. Hi Jonathan! I really need a string recommendation. I believe I am a 3.5 level player; I am pretty good and have been playing for 2 years in high school. I have been playing with the Babalot Pure Strike 16×19 with Luxilon Alu power 17g. I didn’t really know anything about strings for a long time, but I’ve been looking into it and poly strings go dead after around two weeks. I’ve been playing with my poly string for 5 months lol. I can tell its gone dead because it hurts my arm and I’ve lost control over my shots. I can’t really afford to restring that often, but I think I want poly strings because of the spin (and control) it offers. Plz help!

    1. Hi,

      Thanks for the comment.

      I think for someone at high school on a budget then my top pick would be Pro’s Pro Blackout. I got a reel of this bundled with a stringing machine I bought and I think it’s probably the best bang for buck string I’ve used. I still string with it now from time to time.

      On a 200m reel you should get 16-18 string jobs, so that is like $2 + the stringers fee for each restring. Hard to find better value.

      Other choices would be:

      RPM Blast – expensive but good.

      Volkl Cyclone – cheaper than RPM Blast and very good.

      With those three strings, you get decent durability, but poly’s do die quickly whichever you use, so you will need to restring fairly often regardless.

  12. Great article! I know that I’m looking for the holy grail here but I’d like a string that’s comfortable, low power, aids in
    providing spin, and durable. I use polys by Solinco now (tour bite/vanquish hybrid 50/52 lbs and the hyper g 16L 55 lbs) in my head graphemes 360 speed mp and prince Textreme beast 100. I like them both a lot but my arm and shoulder aches some after playing and I don’t want to injure it. How are the soft polys? It does annoy me to only get 10-20 solid hours of play with a poly until it loses its tension and life it feels.

    As for your questions:
    How often do you break strings? Almost never.
    How much do you want to spend on strings? Under $20
    What level do you play? 3.5
    What type of strokes do you have? (flat, heavy spin, slices) long fast, hard hitting … with top spin, some flat and some slices
    What type of game do you play? (all-court, serve-volley, baseliner, etc..) all courter that mostly enjoys doubles so groundstrokes and volley game
    How often do you play?3-4 times a week


    1. Hi,

      Thanks for the comment.

      I guess you could give Tour Bite Soft a try and use that with your vanquish setup? Or Luxilon Alu Power Soft? They are certainly friendlier on the arm and hold their tension longer. I would give those a go and see what happens.

      I dunno the specs of those racquets off the top of my head, but are they vastly different? It can cause injury if you are often switching between two frames that are strung differently…


  13. I’ve very much enjoyed your article about strings. Thanks so much.
    i was wondering if you could comment on the strings you’d recommend for me.
    i have the wilson juice 100’s racquet and i play 4 times a week. I have never broken strings and play on a women’s division 2 doubles team. I’m a 4.0 player and I have to play all court positions. I prefer the baseline and hit hard and flat but some topspin also and play on hard court surface. Price isn’t a concern for the strings. And i’ve never had tennis elbow or arm issues. I’ve been using luxilon at 52 tension for a few years now and also have been looking at Solinco tour bite 16L but havent tried it yet.

    Could you make a suggestion as to what you’d recommend as the optimum strings, gauges and tension?
    Thank You,

    1. Hi,

      Thanks for the comment.

      I’d need to know what you like and don’t like about the Luxilon? Which Luxilon are you using?

      And what are you looking for in a change? The grass isn’t always greener so changing just for the sake of it doesn’t always make sense.

      The tour bite is a good string. Fairly firm. A full review of that is planned.

  14. Hi guys
    I find this article and all the others on this site amazing.
    Great, great value and knowledge shared!
    I would like to ask some questions, but need to attach pictures for you to get the idea.
    How can I do that here?
    Thank you

      1. Thanks for your reply Jonathan.
        So here it is…my DR98 with Babolat Synthetic Gut strings:
        This is how the strings looked like after just 17 days of hitting every day for 1 hour.
        All over the place, despite the intentionally higher tension (26 kg / 24 kg)
        I had to bring them back in place after every point.
        Is this thing normal for nylon?!
        Cuz this is the first time I tested such strings.

  15. Thanks Jonathan for clarifying.
    I have one other question regarding stringing this time.
    So, I have set my tension to 24.5kg
    Then, when I press the diablo and apply it look what happens:
    The string is still pulled, I’m about to clamp it, but the reading shows a big drop in tension.
    How can I know how much tension is there?
    Is this a problem of a machine which is not calibrated?
    Thanks in advance.

    1. Hmm not sure on that. Is it doing it on all types of string?

      Is that happening on the first mains you pull? Clamp slipping? String elongating?

  16. Answering your questions above: I break strings every 5 matches or so; spend $30 or less; play at 4.0 level; heavy spin forehand, and slice backhand; all court; play 2-3 times a week. Looking for a better string, with some feel, durability, and spin. Using hybrid 16 now, but now a lot of feel, imo.

  17. Hi Jonothan, I would like to get your advice on a suggested racket and the accompanying strings. I have played high level college tennis and used thew same racket for 12 years. I now want to move to either the head speed MP or radical MP but not sure which. I play a fairly agressive baseline game with a strong serve. My backhand is fairly flat and forehand generate alot of power. Which one would you suggest? And which strings would you suggest to go with. I have used a babolat pure drive with rpm blast for the past 12 years so this is all new to me. Would appriciate the advice! Thanks

    How often do you break strings? Every few weeks
    How much do you want to spend on strings? Whatever is suggested, cheaper the better
    What level do you play? High college level
    What type of strokes do you have? (flat, heavy spin, slices) Medium spin (Djokovic style shots)
    What type of game do you play? (all-court, serve-volley, baseliner, etc..) Baseliner with the odd appraoch (similar to murray)
    How often do you play? almost every day

    1. Hi,

      Thanks for the comment.

      To be honest I am not sure what to suggest. It seems like a full bed of poly is a good choice. Playing daily and breaking every few weeks. I am not sure you can get better than that.

      If you say you play like Djokovic and Murray, then you could try a hybrid as they both use one. This may give you better performance or feel, but you’ll see a drop off in durability.

      I would probably just stick with a poly. RPM Blast is expensive though. Volkl Cyclone is a good alternative. Solinco Confidential. And there are some obscure brands that do good string, Toalson, etc.

      If you are buying a matching pair of racquets (or 3) I think Pros Pro Blackout would be a good choice cost-wise. The only issue is it’s not as long-lasting as RPM Blast, but if you have 3 frames all strung up, you’ll get a good few hours out of each of them. And you can buy a 200m reel for the price of a single set of RPM Blast.

  18. Hi Jonathan, Thank you for your web site. Lots of useful information for not so tennis educated father who would like to help his 9 1/2 year old daughter with her tennis performance. Have a question about type of strings required for her racket. She uses Babolat Pure Strike 26” racket and is in transition from green dot ball to regular (plays 30% of time with green dot an 70 % with regular now). Recently her coach suggested to change strings to Babolat 18 ga, the guy who works at the tennis shop in our city agreed with the coach. After reading one of your articles where you recommended kids not older than 16 years not to use polyester on full bed I changed that and got her hybrid RMP Blast main 18 ga (tension 45 lbs) and xcel multifilament 17 ga (tension 47 lbs) cross. She loves it and said she feels very comfortable with the racket. What would be your recommendation? She has a second racket and I was going to do it natural gut main and RMP Blast or Nylon to try and see what fits her. Here are the answers to your questions: 1) Broke strings only once last year 2) would not mind paying more for top springs if that prevents injuries and help performance 3) Competition level 4) Flat (hard hitter -almost unreal for 9 1/2 year old) and uses slices a lot 5) all court 6) 4-5 times a week. Sorry for long paragraph. Thanks in advance

    1. Hi,

      Thanks for the comment.

      I don’t recommend poly for kids but if you must then I would go for a thin gauge poly. Luxilon Ace paired with something like Gamma TNT. Or Hyper G paired with Gamma TNT are two good examples.

      If she isn’t breaking strings and is a flat hitter, not sure poly is a huge advantage though, I would go with a full bed of synthetic like an x one biphase or even tnt.

      Tbh I dunno why the coaches are pushing RPM Blast for kids. I would get something cheaper like Volkl Cyclone. Almost identical, half the price.

  19. Hi, I play at the D1 level, about 2 hours a day 5 days a week. I have an all court game and love to hit drop shots, chip and charge, etc. I break both my racquets’ strings practically every week and im trying not to spend as much, preferably $40 max every time I get them restrung, and im trying to increase the durability. I’ve recently been very frustrated with my strings, Babolat rpm blast 17 gauge. I usually string it at 54 lbs. I wanna try hybrid but not sure where to start. Definitely want to try federers setup with a soft string in the mains and tougher ones in the crosses. Any suggestions? Thanks

    1. Well if you are breaking a full bed of poly, then I don’t think a hybrid will last you too long so it might not be a good choice.

      I would say buy a stringing machine and get reels of RPM blast (or get Volkl Cyclone which is very similar but much cheaper), you’ll make a big saving based on having to string 2 rackets every week.

      Maybe a Mistringer would be a good buy, I just reviewed it here:

      I guess you could also try a kevlar string? Or a different poly – Luxilon Big Banger Original, Polytour Pro Tough. Or the cyclone to save cash.

  20. Hi Jonathan, great article. I am a teaching pro looking for a soft string that will allow me to feed and hit lightly for 5+ hours at a time. I use Solinco Tourbite for hitting, but would like to use something softer for teaching because I’m starting to experience some wrist pain. Any recommendations?

  21. HI Jonathan, Megan again. Here are the answers:
    I play 5-6 times per week and break strings about once every 3-4 weeks. I’d like to spend less than $18 on new string. I’m a recently graduated DIII college player, 4.5. I play two hands both sides (I have a doublehanded forehand that looks like a lefty backhand), and tend to hit on the flatter side. Baseliner, for sure. As a teaching pro, I work with players to improve their groundstroke consistency, so a lot of my playing is rallying/driving balls from the baseline. I teach kids, as well, and would like to use a softer string for feeding/not as serious hitting, to give my wrist a break.

    My racket is a Babolat Pure Strike (2015) (10.8)– maybe that racket is too heavy for teaching?

    1. Cool. There seems to be loads of two-handed players on both sides in the USA! I have never played against someone with that style.

      I would use a soft multi like Gamma Professional. But if you want to stick with poly, Luxilon Element is a soft one.

      I am not a coach but most ones I know do use a lighter racquet for teaching all day, the Wilson Clash seems to be the one I see most often of late. Arm friendly for sure.

  22. Hello! I could use a string recommendation

    How often do you break strings? Almost never!
    How much do you want to spend on strings? No limit, but would prefer good value
    What level do you play? High intermediate
    What type of strokes do you have? (flat, heavy spin, slices) Flat, but am currently developing more heavy spin
    What type of game do you play? (all-court, serve-volley, baseliner, etc..) Baseliner
    How often do you play? Twice a week


      1. I’ve used the same racket for 20 years (pro kennex Titanium 245g 104 sq) and got it restring a long time ago and don’t know what kind of strings it’s using, I’m looking at getting a new racket soon

      2. Hi Jonathan, I decided to get a Wilson Burn 100S v4, it comes with Wilson Sensation strings, whcih I heard is pretty good but would you be able to recommend a string that might be better than the Sensation, and at what tension etc. Thanks!

  23. Great Read. Learned a lot about string.
    I am 50+. I started tennis half a year ago, taking lesson once a week, and practice 1-2 times a week. So I am a total beginner, but want to get serious about tennis and eager to improve my skills so that I can beat 50% of recreational players in a year or two. I am still shopping for a decent used racquet, probably will get a Pure Drive or Yonex ezone 100. My question is what string to get once I have the used racquet in hand? I want a good string that is really durable. I am willing to pay high price for a good string, but I don’t want to restring more than twice a year. Thanks.

  24. Just found this article, huge help in understanding some of the details. I’m buying my first bespoke racket after living with off-the-shelf stuff for the first couple of years playing.

    My coach and I have narrowed it down to 2 rackets – similar profiles, just deciding on a trade-off for stability vs a bit of extra power. It’s between a Yonex VCore Pro 97 (310g) and a Wilson PS 97 CV (315g).

    For the string I’ve been looking at Luxilon ALU Power – definitely want to go with a (co)poly mono, and this seems to be well rated for durability/tension maintenance which is a bit of a factor. I’m really struggling with the tension I should get it strung for though.

    They’re both 16×19 pattern, 64/65 RA, Yonex is recommended at 45-60lbs, whilst the PS is at 50-60lbs.

    Would love some thoughts on the tension if you are able. And open to other suggestions on strings too (I looked at the Yonex poly tour strike, not sure how it compares to the Luxilon?)


    1. Hi,

      What string are you currently using, at what tension and in what racquet?

      I would just test it at the mid range of what is recommended on your new frame, so 52lbs on the Yonex, or 55lbs on the PS.

      1. This is my first actual racket + string purchase so no idea on the current setup. I’ve been playing casually with a real beginners racket for the last year (Babolat Evoke 105) just with whatever string setup it came with.

        I’ve been having lessons for a couple of months now as started taking the game a bit more seriously. Discussed the need for a new racket (something actually decent), and we’ve chatted through the various specs, he thinks moving down to 97in is the right step for me, and likes the makeup of both these rackets for me game and where we want to go.

        The only thing he’s not sure on is the strings, as it’s hard to find recommended setup info for the rackets given they’re 2-3 years old.

      2. Good shout on the tension though. Sounds like a reasonable starting point – the key will be trying to get a feel for it this first time around and then adjusting next time I get it restrung

      3. Ok well, I would just experiment first with a few different strings. But I would think more about what string suits your game rather than what suits the racquet – spin, power, control etc.

        Normally I would recommend to start playing with a synthetic gut like Gamma Synthetic Gut and then you have a sort of barometer. Some players will never need to change, some will hybrid, others will go full polyester.

  25. Jonathan, Thank you very much for the very informative educational explanation on stringing. I now have an understanding of what each strings pros and cons are. Needless to say it is a very complicated and confusing subject. I will forward your article to all my friends. Last year I had 1 of my rackets strong exactly as RF racket is that his Gut on the mains and Luxilon on the crosses. The stringer told me that was wrong it should be Gut On the mains. I told her if it was good enough for Roger it would be good enough for me. I never played better! Made a huge difference in my game! Thanks again for the excellent article.

    1. Thanks, I guess the stringer said use gut on the crosses? This is common as you get more durability with poly mains, gut cross. But gut mains is definitely the better feeling for some players.

  26. Hello, Im hoping for a string recommendation. I usually use thin natural gut but need a synthetic string for wet weather. I’m after a string that plays similar to gut. I tried a multifilament but it didn’t last long.

    I don’t break strings very often. Cost is not an issue. I’m a Senior Tournament Singles player getting back in the game after not playing for many years. I had a state junior ranking in 1969 and 1970. I was ranked 11th in Australia in 65+ in 2019 before Covid hit, after 1 year of tournaments. I am a smooth stroke player and use weight transfer and timing to generate power, have an all court game and hit with small amounts of topspin and slice in a ‘Laver like’ sytle (I’m also left-handed!). I use an XL racquet, I play 4 times a week, have a lot of control and like a tension of 45ib.

    1. Hi,

      Thanks for the comment.

      I would test out a string called Ashaway MonoGut ZX –

      Or maybe Technifibre Triax –

      Both of these are good natural gut alternatives. I think Monogut is the closest, gives you plenty of power, so whether you’re returning tennis balls or trying to deflect rubber bullets shot at you by ‘police’ officers serving the tyrannical government over there, it’s a good string 😀

      Let me know if you try either of them…

      1. Thank you Jonathan for your prompt reply. I am most exceedingly obligued. Strings are so complex these days. Way back when it was Klipspringer gut in a Slazenger Challenge or Dunlop Mazply wooden racquet as the only viable options. I will look up to see if your options are available here in Melbourne, the lockdown capital of the world.

      2. Yes there is almost too much choice. I don’t know much about the Australian market but I can see it on and also on a sports site called Dick Smith.

        I believe Racquet Depot in the UK would also deliver to Australia.

  27. Hi Jonathon, I have tried the Ashaway Monogut 17 gauge and like them. Feel like gut. I play with 18 guage gut and other 17 guage synthetic strings feel hard but these feel soft. They make a distinctive twang a impact! Thanks again for the heads up.

  28. Hi Jonathan,
    Thank you for enlightening us with your analyses. In the spirit of experimentation, I’m planning to try out a “Kuebler Resonanz R30i”. Mindful that this frame is on the (very) high end of stiffness, I would appreciate your view on string options (single/hybrid, gauge, tension) with the following things in mind:
    – I rarely break strings. Prefer heavy rackets (unstrung 320gr+)
    – Cost would typically be in the middle of the spectrum (not super cheap nor excessively pricey)
    – I play about 3 times a week, singles/doubles at an ‘intermediate’ level (can hold up rallies, cover court comfortably, etc.)
    – My strokes are in general flat to moderate top-spin interspersed with slices with an all-court type of game

    Any pointers would be gratefully received.

    All the best!

    1. Hi,

      Cool, I had never heard of that racquet, there is not much info about them online either. Made in Germany? What head size is it?

      For a stiff heavy racket, I would recommend a hybrid, you can’t go wrong with Federer’s setup of natural gut mains, and then Alu power rough in the crosses.

      If you fill out this form which has some more questions, I will send you some more recommendations.

      1. Many thanks for your response.
        The said racket is apx 95 with 16×19 string pattern. There’s an interesting piece of history in that Kuebler’s racket (the R50 I believe) became the blueprint for modern wide frame rackets with Wilson arguably making the first move to commercially exploit it (starting with the Wilson Profile). It’s actually made in West Germany, so really telling of Kuebler’s visionary ideas.
        I’ve filled out the form and look forward to some more pointers.

  29. Hi Jonathan,

    Thank you for your great article!
    I wonder if string has expiration date. Should I buy old stock of brand new multi or syn gut string on sale?

    Thank you.

  30. Hi Jonathan,
    Excellent article! And on the recomendation… I am also a huge RF fan, actually now I am playing with the Pro Staff 97 v13, and with the Wilson Revolve orange strings with tension of 55 lbs.
    On the questions for your recomendation:
    How often do you break strings? Maybe every 3 months
    How much do you want to spend on strings? At around what I have now with the Wilson Revolve, on that ballpark, maybe a little bit higher
    What level do you play? Intermediate to advanced
    What type of strokes do you have? (flat, heavy spin, slices) Heavy spin (my forehand has a lot of spin, it’s a heavy shot and my main weapon) and slices, love to go to the net too
    What type of game do you play? (all-court, serve-volley, baseliner, etc..) All court, and go to the net whenever I have the option (as also a fan of RF, I try to play his game)
    How often do you play? once a week doubles, 2-3 times a week singles

  31. Did something happen with Djokovic?
    Did he try to leave Austria because of too much covid and they won’t let him leave and now he has to stay at the Hotel Von Trapp?
    Something else?

    1. Hey Alb, as you may know, Novak is more than welcome to return home. It’s just to enter the country they don’t want him as unvaxed, and he wants to. So he’s not allowed to leave his hotel, unless for returning home, or a judge tomorrow gives him permission to play unvaxed in Australia. It seems he was tested covid-positive in december, and the day after performed somewhat together with young people without wearing mask. Tricky.

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